23 | 11 | 2017

Словарь медицинских терминов

А Б В Г Д Е Ж З И К Л М Н О П Р С Т У Ф Х Ц Ч Ш Щ Э Ю Я

A splint is a device used for support or immobilization of limbs or of the spine. It can be used:

  • By the emergency medical services or by volunteer first responders, to immobilize a fractured limb before the transportation; it is then a temporary immobilization;
  • By allied health professionals such as occupational therapists, physiotherapists and orthotists, to immobilize an articulation (e.g. the knee) that can be freed while not standing (e.g. during sleep).
  • By athletic trainers to immobilize an injured bone or joint to facilitate safer transportation of the injured person.
  • By emergency room physicians to stabilize fractures or sprains until follow-up appointment with an Orthopedist.

In most ERs, a fibreglass splinting material, called Orthoglass, is commonly used for several reasons.

  • It is clean, unlike most plaster splinting materials
  • It comes in rolls and can be easily measured and cut according to the patient's dimensions.
  • It comes pre-padded, which saves time and energy trying to roll out padding.
  • It dries in about 20 minutes, and there are no risks for burns involved.

A nasal splint helps control bleeding and provide support in certain cases where the nose bone is broken.